Where to buy a house in Vaucluse ?

Where to buy a house in Vaucluse ?

What is the golden triangle in Luberon ?

The golden triangle of the Luberon is an expression dating from the years 1970-1980 taken up by certain newspapers like the Southern one to designate a part of the valley of the Calavon, to the north of the mountain of the small Luberon.

This touristic triangle is based on the small Luberon with its old perched villages such as Oppède-le-vieux, Ménerbes, Lacoste and Bonnieux and has as its summit the village of Gordes and other perched villages of great charm such as Joucas, Murs and Roussillon.

By the end of the war, some villages were beginning to attract tourism. But changes in ownership by sales of buildings are rare. The mas are given to the children with their land, the new constructions are very rare. The few arrivals buy houses of villages, sheds and mazets.

The history before the appellation of "golden triangle of the Luberon" is directly related to that of the communes that compose it. It is rich and ancient (ancient Roman roads, many oppidums) with periods more or less calm as well as great upheavals.

The artists are attracted by these villages perched with the unique cachet like Gordes or Roussillon and its unusual ocher colors. "For more than forty years, the Luberon has been" surfing "on a reputation that has never faded and has made this hinterland of Provence, long forsaken, one of Europe's most sought after summer resorts . Nothing to be seen, therefore, with the time when one became owner of it for a morsel of bread and where the natives looked with amusement at the artists who had come to invest the old stones abandoned by their ancestors a few decades earlier. In almost half a century, the desire and the valorization of this summer refuge for trendy Parisians have been constantly renewed and have built a real high place.

The 1960s and 1970s
"In the 1950s, the Festival d'Avignon and the adventure of villages to sell invented by the association Alpes-Lumières precipitate the renewal of the Luberon. The latter then asserts itself in space of life and meditation for the post-war artistic circles. The perched villages abandoned for several decades assert themselves in space of life and meditation for the post-war artistic circles. Three villages - Gordes, Roussillon, Bonnieux - become the privileged framework of this intense valorisation. Three villages for the three peaks of the golden triangle they define, the true heart of the Luberon. " In the 1960s, economic growth (we are at the heart of the Trente Glorieuses) and the advent of paid holidays launched the fashion for holidays and second homes. The Luberon does not escape this fashion, but remains the prerogative of artists and a few privileged fleeing the tourist masses of the Côte d'Azur. In the early 1970s, real estate agencies were counted on the fingers of one hand.

In the late 1970s, the reputation of the Luberon became international. The small farmhouses to be restored and the villages perched in ruins became extremely rare in the initial golden triangle. Real estate professionals and local farmers face increased demand to offer property to its immediate surroundings, If the golden triangle continues to play its attractive role as a fashionable place where it is important to show up, new villages Become fashionable in the Luberon. The golden triangle still benefits from a situation rent because "the intensity of the land pressure continues, reinforces the rise in prices and translates into a lock-up of the market by the elites". Elsewhere the lower level of prices delights a new clientele less fortunate but also enthusiastic.

The 1980s - 1990s
Beginning in the mid-1980s, things began to accelerate. The means of transport are developing and the journey times to come to the Luberon are reduced. Decentralization of powers took place and the Luberon, under the initiative of certain communes such as Gordes, became a protected place and protected, unlike the Côte d'Azur, which is being concreted (we are before the littoral law). This is how Gordes will adopt the strictest land use plan in the department of Vaucluse2 and one of the strictest in France. Thereafter, other villages will also seek to develop while protecting themselves. Others, under urban pressure, will choose the development of housing estates, but all go towards the end of the 1990s and the beginning of this century return to a higher quality of protection of their communes and begin to look after their aesthetics.

In the mid-1980s, the Luberon, for the inhabitants of the Marseilles and Avignon conurbations, changed from the status of hinterland and recreational area to that of a possible residential area. Everything that is for sale is coveted and the market is saturated by demand. In twenty years, this urban pressure has increased further. Main cause, the TGV effect which combines with that of the 35 hours. As explained by Cécile Helle, Lecturer at the University of Avignon "From long weekends in short stays, secondary residences have no more secondary than the name and occasional tourist attendance becomes permanent"

Urban proximity influences
In the late 1980s, the urban centers of Avignon in the west and Marseille-Aix in the south shook the Luberon's real estate organization. The development of the building increases the demand which moves more and more away from the initial golden triangle. Its relative distance, its extreme valorization and its high cost, make it the preserve of the richest, it is outside the pole that business is developed.

Remote urban influences
The years 2000 with the reduction of the working time, the extended weekends and the short stays allow the better off to enjoy the Luberon. His attendance, occasional becomes permanent. "New constructions are spreading on the slopes, on the outskirts of the village nuclei and along the structuring axes. The landscape identity of the Luberon, hinterland of Provence, tends to disappear giving way to the shapeless landscapes characteristic of peri-urban spaces ". The West and the South, thanks to the TGV stations of Aix-en-Provence and Avignon, begin to merge with residential suburbs rather than tourist areas.

The Luberon, a hinterland in the process of metropolization ...